Thickening and stiffening of the blood vessels cause restricted blood flow to the organs and tissues. Arteriosclerosis can cause a buildup of blood cells and fatty deposits in the arteries, which can enter the bloodstream and potentially cause a blood clot.
There are three distinct types of arteriosclerosis:
- impacts the larger arteries in the body
- Moenckeberg medial calcific sclerosis
- affects the small- to medium-sized arteries
- generally only impacts the small arteries