Eczema/Atopic Dermatitis



Eczema involves chronic inflammation that leaves the skin covered in scaly, itchy lesions. These lesions crack and damage the skin’s outer barrier, which makes it more sensitive and prone to infection.

Common Symptoms

Dry skin, severe itchiness, red or brownish-gray patches on the hands, feet, ankles, wrists, neck, upper chest, eyelids, face, scalp, and inside the bend of elbows/knees, small bumps, thickened or cracked skin, and damage from scratching.

Coexisting Diseases and Conditions

Asthma, depression, and anxiety.

Risk Factors and Prevalence

Eczema tends to first develop in people before the age of 5 and typically persists for years after, manifesting in periodic flare-ups. Studies have found that having a family history of eczema, allergies, hay fever, or asthma can increase the risk of developing this condition. Environmental factors (such as cold, dry weather conditions, skin irritants, or allergies) can also trigger flare-ups. Females are believed to be at a higher risk. Additionally, African Americans are more at risk than other races.

For Healthcare Providers (CME/CE credit)

Improving Equitable Care in Atopic Dermatitis: Incorporating Insights From Patients With Skin of Color

Tune into this insightful discussion in which renowned dermatologists examine the diagnosis and treatment of atopic dermatitis in patients with skin of color. These experts will share pivotal insights gained from a recent survey of patients conducted in partnership with the Allergy & Asthma Network. They will also explore differences in the presentation of AD in darker skin types, the evolving pharmacologic landscape, and strategies to improve equitable access to care. Effective approaches to engage in shared decision-making and personalize treatment among diverse patients will also be explored.

This activity is delivered by PRIME Education.


  1. Article Sources
    1. Cleveland Clinic. (2020, October 28). Eczema (atopic dermatitis): Causes, treatment & symptoms. Cleveland Clinic.  

    2. National Eczema Association. (2020, August 27). Eczema-related conditions. National Eczema Association.

    3. Mayo Clinic Staff. (2020, June 12). Atopic dermatitis (eczema). Mayo Clinic.