Autoimmune sudden sensorineural hearing loss



Characterized by bilateral, (affecting both sides) rapidly progressive hearing loss that may occur suddenly or develop over several weeks to months.

Common Symptoms

Hearing loss, tinnitus (ringing in the ears), vomiting, nausea, ear blockage, and dizziness.

Coexisting Diseases and Conditions

Risk Factors and Prevalence

Having an autoimmune disease is the main risk factor, but the disease may also be triggered by type II-IV allergic reactions.


  1. Article Sources
    1. Jeong, J., Lim, H., Lee, K., Hong, C. E., & Choi, H. S. (2019). High Risk of Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss in Several Autoimmune Diseases according to a Population-Based National Sample Cohort Study. Audiology and Neurotology, 24(5), 224–230.

    2. Li, G., You, D., Ma, J., Li, W., Li, H., & Sun, S. (2018). The Role of Autoimmunity in the Pathogenesis of Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss. Neural Plasticity, 2018, e7691473.

    3. Yehudai, D., Shoenfeld, Y., & Toubi, E. (2006). The autoimmune characteristics of progressive or sudden sensorineural hearing loss. Autoimmunity, 39(2), 153–158.